Surgery for varicose veins indicates when non-invasive therapies such as compression stockings, a diet to improve circulation, and not staying in the same position for a long time fail to eliminate or disguise the varicose veins that continue to cause discomfort aesthetic alterations in the legs.
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There are several types of surgery to remove varicose veins from the legs. However, none are definitive because varicose veins can reappear, primarily if weight control and blood circulation improve through a balanced diet and regular physical activity.
1. Microfoam injection
In this method, also known as foam sclerotherapy, the surgeon injects a special foam directly into the veins that dilate and that are causing the varicose veins.
This foam produces scars on the vein’s walls, causing it to close and preventing blood from circulating through the blood vessel. Skinny needle use for this procedure, so no type of scar is formed on the skin.
2. Laser surgery
Laser surgery will indicate the treatment of small vessels or varicose veins, performing with the light of a laser applied directly to the vein. This light causes heat inside the glass, slowly eliminating it until it disappears completely.
It may take several assemblies to eliminate all varicose veins on the legs.
This type of surgery works similarly to laser surgery since it uses heat inside the chickenpox, closing it completely. Performing this procedure, the doctor inserts a small catheter into the vein to treat. Then the tip is heated through radiofrequency, leaving it warm enough for the vessel to close.
It may be necessary to perform about ten radiofrequency sessions to eliminate these veins since this will depend on the number of varicose veins that the individual has.
4. Microsurgery of varicose veins
Varicose vein microsurgery also acknowledges as ambulatory phlebectomy, will perform in the cardiovascular surgeon’s office under local anesthesia. In this surgery, the medic makes minor cuts on the varicose veins and removes the vessels that are causing the most superficial of these vains.
Although it is ambulatory, it will recommend resting for seven days to allow the cuts to heal appropriately. This surgery allows the removal of small and medium veins.
This operation is also known as outdated surgery. Its use in cases where these are deeper or larger. In these cases, the surgeon cuts the leg and eliminates the entire saphenous vein, which is not working correctly. In this way, the blood continues to circulate through other veins without causing an increase in pressure due to not passing through the saphenous.
The decrease in pressure within the legs of the legs reduces the volume of varicose veins and prevents the formation of new ones, solving both large and small varicose veins.
How is Recovery from Surgery of Varicose Veins
The recommendations for the postoperative care of It depend on the method used to eliminate them, and the doctor’s instructions should be followed. However, there are some everyday cares such as:
- Avoid making efforts suchas going up or downstairs for 2 to 7 days;
- Do some physical activity, taking short walks around the house;
- Lie down with your feet higher, at heart level to allow good circulation.
When the surgery involves a cut in the skin, you should go to the consultations indicated by the doctor to perform the cures with a nurse.
After the first week of recovery, it is possible to start short walks outside the home, resume routine activities after two weeks. However, you should avoid lifting weights and exposing your legs to the sun for the first two months.
Other activities such as going to the gym or running should be started progressively after the 1st postoperative month. It should be under the guidance and supervision of the cardiovascular surgeon.
Possible complications of varicose veins surgery
The complications that a varicose vein surgery can have are:
- Vein infection;
- Hematoma on the legs;
- Pain in the legs;
- Injury to the nerves of the leg.
These complications decreasing due to the development and updating of techniques. And, also, can usually avoid if patients comply with the recovery recommendations indicated by the doctor.